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Расстройства аутистического спектра: современное состояние проблемы (обзор)

Расстройства аутистического спектра: современное состояние проблемы (обзор)

Е.Д. Божкова, О.В. Баландина, А.А. Коновалов
Ключевые слова: расстройства аутистического спектра; аутизм; скрининг аутизма; факторы риска развития аутизма; эпи­демио­логия аутизма.
2020, том 12, номер 2, стр. 111.

Полный текст статьи

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Возникновение расстройств аутистического спектра (РАС) связывают с нарушением развития мозга. Для пациентов с РАС характерны трудности в области социального взаимодействия и коммуникации.

В обзоре рассмотрены современные аспекты эпидемиологии аутистических расстройств, способы их диагностики и коррекции, а также факторы риска развития заболевания. Многочисленные исследования подтверждают, что своевременное выявление аутистических расстройств и включение ребенка в программы ранней помощи могут служить основой эффективной реабилитации и улучшают прогноз социализации. Высокая распространенность РАС требует активизации деятельности в области разработок скрининговых методик, создания научно обоснованной и нормативно утвержденной системы маршрутизации данной категории пациентов, а также повсеместного внедрения программ помощи детям с этой патологией и их родителям.

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